Photojournalist Eve Arnold, who captured iconic images of some of the world's most famous women, dies aged 99
Photography legend: Eve Arnold, who captured iconic images of Marilyn Monroe, has died at the age of 99
Eve Arnold, a world-travelling photojournalist whose subjects ranged from the poor and dispossessed to Marilyn Monroe, has died, the Magnum photo agency announced today. She was 99.
Magnum spokeswoman Fiona Rogers said Arnold died peacefully Wednesday in a London nursing home.
Born in Philadelphia in April 1912 to Russian immigrant parents, Arnold lived on Long Island when she became interested in photography while working in a photofinishing lab.
After taking a six-week photography course at the New School for Social Research in New York, she began her career in the 1940s, working for publications including Picture Post, Time and Life magazine during a golden age of magazine photojournalism.
Her subjects included migrant labourers, New York bartenders, Cuban fishermen and Afghan nomads; celebrities such as Joan Crawford and Elizabeth Taylor; and political figures including Jacqueline Kennedy, Malcolm X and Margaret Thatcher.
Arnold was renowned for her rapport with those she photographed.
'If you're careful with people and if you respect their privacy, they will offer part of themselves that you can use,' she told the BBC in a 2002 interview.
Her most famous shots include portraits of Monroe — both vulnerable and glamorous — taken over a decade and collected in her book Marilyn Monroe: An Appreciation.
'Themes recur again and again in my work,' Arnold once said. 'I have been poor and I wanted to document poverty; I had lost a child and I was obsessed with birth; I was interested in politics and I wanted to know how it affected our lives; I am a woman and I wanted to know about women.'
Unrivalled access: Eve Arnold with Marilyn Monroe during the filming of The Misfits in 1960
Iconic images: Arnold was behind some of the most famous photographs of Marilyn Monroe. Here, the actress is pictured in the Nevada desert, again on the set of The Misfits in 1960
Unguarded: The award-winning photojournalist's work saw her snap Monroe in her most private moments. This 1955 image, taken in Long Island, while she was reading James Joyce's Ulysses
Arnold joined the Magnum agency in
1951— the first woman admitted to the cooperative — after her images of
fashion shows in Harlem caught the attention of photographer Henri
'If you're careful with people and if you respect their privacy, they will offer part of themselves that you can use'
Eve Arnold, 2002
Arnold settled in London in the 1960s, working for the Sunday Times
Magazine and other publications. In the 1970s she photographed and
filmed Dubai's ruling family for Behind the Veil, and was one of the
first American photographers to work in China.
The photos she took there were exhibited in her first solo show, at the
Brooklyn Museum in 1980, and published as 'In China.' Other volumes of
her work included In America and The Great British.
Her work was exhibited at Britain's National Portrait Gallery and was
the subject of a retrospective show at the Barbican in London in 1996.
First Lady at home: Arnold travelled to Washington in 1960 where she photographed Jacqueline Kennedy with her toddler daughter Caroline at the White House
Political history: Margaret Thatcher and Indira Gandhi in an office at the Houses of Parliament in 1978
Arnold was a fellow of the Royal Photographic Society and in 1995 was
named Master Photographer by New York's International Center of
In 2003 she was named an officer of the Order of the British Empire, or
OBE, by Queen Elizabeth II for services to photography, and in 2009
received a lifetime achievement prize from the Sony World Photography
Long divorced from husband Arnold Arnold, she is survived by her son,
Frank, and three grandchildren. Funeral details were not immediately
Famous faces: A 1968 picture by Arnold of Angelica Huston at the age of 16 in Ireland (left) and Dirk Bogarde captured in London in 1978 (right)
VIDEO: Eve Arnold speaks in a 1987 interview about her work with Marilyn Monroe